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What Does AEG Mean in Airsoft

What Does AEG Mean in Airsoft?

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One of the most important aspects of airsoft is understanding the safety gear and terminology used in the game. A popular question among newcomers to airsoft is “what does AEG mean in airsoft?”

AEG stands for Automatic Electric Gun, they are electric-powered airsoft guns and are one of the most commonly used airsoft guns out there.

In this article, we’ll explore what is an AEG, how AEG works, its pros and cons, and answer some frequently asked questions about AEGs.

What Is an AEG?

An AEG stands for Automatic Electric Gun, which is a type of airsoft gun that uses electricity as a power source. AEGs use batteries to power a motor, which in turn rotates a gearbox that compresses the piston and propels the BB.

AEGs come in a variety of sizes and styles, ranging from small, compact pistols to long, bulky airsoft sniper rifles. They can be designed to mimic the look and feel of a wide range of real-world firearms, from classic bolt-action rifles to modern assault rifles.

AEGs are the most popular type of airsoft gun and are widely used in airsoft competitions, skirmishes, and recreational play. They offer a more realistic experience than spring-powered guns, as they can fire multiple shots in quick succession with the use of a selective fire trigger.

How Does an AEG Work?

Starting Airsoft – How does an AEG work  by w4stedspace

The basic principle behind how an AEG works is as follows: a battery powers a small electric motor, which drives a gearbox. The gearbox contains a series of gears that rotate to compress an internal spring. When the trigger is pulled, the spring is released and pushes a piston forward, which in turn propels a BB out of the barrel of the gun.

The electric motor is responsible for driving the gears in the gearbox, which is essentially a mechanical system that converts the rotational motion of the motor into linear motion. The gears in the gearbox rotate to compress the spring, which is held in place by a small latch or catch. When the trigger is pulled, the latch is released and the spring expands, pushing the piston forward.

The piston is connected to a nozzle at the front of the gun, which allows air to flow past it and push the BB out of the barrel. The nozzle is also connected to a hop-up unit, which is a small device that adds spin to the BB as it leaves the barrel. This spin helps to stabilize the BB in flight, improving accuracy and range.

The speed at which the BB is fired can be adjusted by altering the tension on the internal spring, which is typically done using a dial or lever on the gun. Increasing the tension on the spring will result in higher muzzle velocity while decreasing the tension will result in lower muzzle velocity.

In addition to the basic components described above, AEGs may also include additional features such as a trigger switch, which allows the gun to be fired in either semi-automatic or full-automatic mode, and a fuse, which is a safety feature that prevents the gun from being fired if the battery is damaged or malfunctioning.

Pros and Cons of AEGs

AEG pros

  • Reliability and consistency: AEGs are less affected by temperature and humidity than gas-powered airsoft guns, and they do not require frequent refills of gas. This makes them more reliable and consistent in their performance.
  • Customization options: AEGs come in a variety of sizes and styles and can be designed to mimic the look and feel of a wide range of real-world firearms. They may also include added features such as integrated scopes or laser sights.
  • Versatility: With their modular design, most AEGs come with removable front ends that allow users to easily swap out components such as inner barrels, stocks and handguards for customizing the gun’s look and feel according to personal tastes or tactical requirements – including shorter lengths for CQB scenarios and longer barrels for outdoor play styles.
  • Ease of maintenance: AEGs require periodic cleaning and lubrication, but this can typically be done with just a few basic tools. It is also important to regularly check and replace any worn or damaged parts to ensure that the gun is functioning properly.
  • Wide range of power sources: AEGs can be powered by a variety of batteries, including rechargeable lithium-ion batteries and disposable alkaline batteries. This allows players to choose the power source that best suits their needs and preferences.
  • There are a lot of budget-friendly options on the market: AEGs are generally more affordable than gas-powered airsoft guns, and there is a wide range of budget-friendly models on the market.
  • Can be used in different weather conditions: AEGs are not affected by cold or wet weather, making them suitable for use in a variety of environments.
  • Accuracy: With proper barrel upgrades along with other various internal upgrades available on the airsoft market today an already relatively accurate platform is still able to get improved even further suited to user skill level. Targets at 20-30 yards can still be hit consistently with the stock setup, but modifying internals helps the pro player achieve consistent 1 “ grouping sizes resulting in clean-cut holes in the target.
  • Electric Blowback/Cycling Action: Most AEG airsoft rifles feature realistic cycling action where bolt assembly moves forward upon firing simulating their live-fire counterparts in both looks and feel authentic without compromising accuracy based on gas blowback systems
  • Durability: Generally speaking, AEGs are built to last. Many veteran players can attest to having well-used guns that remain operational after years of heavy use. With regular maintenance and replacement parts as needed, an AEG can last you quite a while before needing full repair or upgrade.
  • Selector Switch/Gearbox Design: The versatile gearbox design allows users to switch between different settings such as single shot which is a great practice tool, semi-auto, 3 round Burst modes. Fully Auto fire rates are optimized specifically around either CQB field rules where the limit rate of fire is usually set at 15rps per second or mid/longer range engagement distances hence why full auto settings are also an important feature here in order fine-tune settings even further

AEG cons

  • Limited Range: While AEGs are powerful enough for most scenarios, their range is limited compared to gas blowback rifles or sniper rifles with longer barrels. This means they’re not suitable for long-range engagements, but more than capable for close-quarters combat (CQB).
  • Battery Life: The most common downside to using an AEG is its battery life; AEGs require regular charging of their internal batteries or the use of external batteries which can increase the overall cost. With extended use, lithium-ion batteries may need replacing from time to time which can be expensive if done frequently.
  • Jamming Issues: Another potential problem with AEGs is that jams can occur as a result of dirt and debris getting stuck in the chamber or hop-up unit which affects accuracy and performance. Regular cleaning and maintenance of your gun are essential for preventing this issue from occurring in the first place.
  • Realism: AEGs also don’t offer the same level of realism as gas blowback guns. Although they are powerful and accurate, their sound and feel aren’t quite the same. This can be a downside for those seeking a more authentic experience.
  • Required Upgrades: Most stock factory models section are built enough to withstand harsh conditions rendering upgrades necessary to improve upon preexisting limitations such as lack of power and range. These improvements include better quality tight bore, inner barrels, ZCI pistons, upgraded gears, etc. 
  • Water damage: Another downside to AEGs is that they are not water resistant. Because the internal components of an AEG can be damaged by water, users should take extra precautions when taking their guns into wet environments or in rainy conditions.
  • Shooting delay: Finally, due to the electric motor power system of AEGs, there is a slight delay between pulling the trigger and the gun actually shooting. This can be annoying for some users who prefer an immediate response when they pull the trigger.

AEG Aeg Compared to Other Airsoft Guns

There are three main types of airsoft guns: AEG (Automatic Electric Gun), gas, and spring-powered.

Gas-powered airsoft guns use compressed gas, such as propane or green gas, to propel the BB pellet out of the barrel. Gas airsoft guns, compared to AEG guns offer a more realistic shooting experience, as the recoil and blowback effects are more realistic. Gas-powered airsoft guns also have a high rate of fire and are suitable for close-quarters combat.

However, gas-powered airsoft guns have some drawbacks compared to AEG guns. They require frequent refilling of the gas canister, which can be inconvenient during extended airsoft games. Gas-powered airsoft guns also tend to be more expensive than AEG guns, and their internal mechanisms are more complex, requiring more maintenance.

Spring-powered airsoft guns are the most basic type of airsoft gun. They use a spring-loaded mechanism to propel the BB pellet out of the barrel. Spring-powered airsoft guns are the cheapest type of airsoft gun and are suitable for casual backyard shooting or target practice.

However, spring-powered airsoft guns have a lower rate of fire compared to AEG and gas-powered airsoft guns. They can only fire one shot at a time, and the user must manually cock the spring before each shot.

This makes them less suitable for close-quarters combat or rapid-fire shooting. Spring-powered airsoft guns also have a lower power output compared to AEG and gas-powered guns, and their range and accuracy may be limited.

AEG guns are a good choice for airsoft players looking for a balance between performance and price. They offer a high rate of fire, semi-automatic and fully automatic firing modes, and are relatively easy to maintain.

Gas-powered airsoft guns offer a more realistic shooting experience with realistic recoil and blowback effects, but they require more maintenance and are more expensive.

Spring-powered airsoft guns are the most basic and affordable type of airsoft gun, but they have a lower rate of fire and power output compared to the other types.

Evike Colt Licensed Full Metal M4A1 Carbine Airsoft AEG Rifle
Evike Colt Licensed Full Metal M4A1 Carbine Airsoft AEG Rifle
CYMA Sport Airsoft AR-47 SR-47 AEG Rifle
CYMA Sport Airsoft AR-47 SR-47 AEG Rifle
Evike Specna ArmsRock River Arms CORE Series M4 Airsoft AEG Rifle
Evike Specna ArmsRock River Arms CORE Series M4 Airsoft AEG Rifle

AEG Battery Types

There are several different types of batteries that can be used in AEGs, each with its own set of advantages and disadvantages.

One common type of battery used in AEGs is the NiCad (nickel-cadmium) battery. NiCad batteries are relatively inexpensive and can be found in a variety of shapes and sizes to fit different AEG models. However, they have a relatively low energy density and can suffer from the “memory effect,” where the battery’s capacity is reduced if it is not fully discharged before being recharged.

Another type of battery used in AEGs is the NiMH (nickel-metal hydride) battery. NiMH batteries have a higher energy density than NiCad batteries and do not suffer from the memory effect. They are also relatively inexpensive and widely available. However, they can be prone to self-discharging, which means they can lose their charge even when not in use.

Lithium-ion batteries are another type of battery commonly used in AEGs. These batteries have a very high energy density and do not suffer from the memory effect or self-discharging. They are also relatively lightweight and compact, making them a good choice for AEGs that need to be portable. However, they are more expensive than NiCad and NiMH batteries and can be prone to overheating if not properly cared for.

Another type of battery used in AEGs is the LiPo (lithium-polymer) battery. LiPo batteries are similar to lithium-ion batteries in terms of energy density and lack of memory effect, but they are even lighter and more compact.

They are also relatively inexpensive and widely available. However, LiPo batteries can be more prone to overheating and can be dangerous if damaged or improperly used. They also require a special charger and can be sensitive to overcharging.

In addition to these main types of batteries, there are also several subtypes that may be used in AEGs, such as LiFe (lithium-iron) batteries and SLA (sealed lead-acid) batteries. LiFe batteries have a lower energy density than lithium-ion or LiPo batteries but are more stable and have a longer lifespan. SLA batteries are heavy and not very energy-dense, but they are relatively inexpensive and widely available.


In Conclusion

  • AEG stands for Automatic Electric Gun.
  • AEGs use a battery to power small a electric motor, which drives a gearbox to compress an internal spring and fire BBs.
  • AEGs are the most common airsoft guns among airsofters.
  • They are great for both beginners and experienced players due to their reliability, accuracy, and the ability to customize them with various upgrades.
  • The primary pros of AEGs are: their low cost, wide availability, reliability, customization options, ease of maintainece, and accuracy.
  • The cons of AEGs consist are: trigger delay, jamming issues, power compared to gas guns, and realism.

All-in-all, AEGs are a great choice for airsoft players who are looking for a reliable, accurate, and upgradable gun at a relatively low cost. They may not be as realistic or powerful as gas guns, but they are easy to use and can provide a great airsoft experience.

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